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Socially useful Landscapes. Contemporary Care-Architecture

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The Department of Architecture and Design of Sapienza University of Rome carried out a research to innovate the structures that house the social services in the Region of Lazio. These are spaces where children are cared for on a daily basis, adults with disabilities, the elderly, people with psycho-social problems or suffering from disabling diseases, women in distress, immigrants, etc.

The research comes from the constant growth of new demands for the social services sector, in relation to phenomena such as the aging of the population, or aging society (in 2020 the UN predicts that in Italy one in four people will over 65 years) new forms of poverty, marginalization and dependency (unemployement, separated fathers, immigrants, ex-prisoners, etc.).

The double challenge of the coming years is to raise some of the standard social welfare absorbing these new applications and streamline deeply structures, spaces and modes of management, elements which are inseparably linked, triggering forms of direct and indirect cost savings, management and optimization.

The track search criteria and guidelines in the form of guidelines, which will be used by the Region of Lazio to start testing: innovative localization, new possible nearby virtuous proximities services, generally separate spaces in common between different services (concept of supply chain), maximum integration with social and urban contexts.

We want to propose new images, out of the design margins of the past to say, through architecture, urban and social role of social services such as "social condensers". The criteria aimed at the design are summarized in seven key words: accessibility, interaction, permeability, functionality, flexibility, recognition, personalization.

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