The search begins with "what everyone knows": the condition of "traffic prisoners" of Rome gradually extends to an increasing number of citizens and reaches unsustainable numbers in the large urban settlements of Roma beyond the GRA. Is this a genetic condition of the Capital, or we can imagine some realistic answers (timing and costs) to this condition that affects both the active population and those who are not working (children, housewives, elderly, etc.)?
Before prescribing hasty - and often ineffective - solutions, it is worthwhile to know exactly which the problems to be solved are: the typology of population living beyond the GRA, the (unsustainable) daily commuting times, the housing market dynamics that much affected the evolution of this city model.
The Research highlights the totally inadequate concept of "traditional” periphery while interpreting this new Rome, which shows completely different features if compared to the past. These are new landscapes, waiting for interpretations and appropriate proposals.
Recent decades experiences – from the widespread and different North and South American metropolises to the many European capitals – clearly indicates that the main objective of private car traffic reduction not only allows the goal of atmosphere’s polluttants reduction but also, to permanently retrain and make sure marginal and degraded areas, encouraging forms of active management (agriculture in particular), of sociality and movement (walking and cycling), and wellness education. In this direction the Roman countryside is the biggest resource to take advange of to re-qualify the city beyond the GRA.
As well as the concept of the Roman suburbs also consolidated images of public spaces - squares, parks and gardens, public buildings, etc. – born in other times and for other typologies of city (eg. The twentieth century consolidated city or the historical city) should be profoundly reconsidered.
The research explores the possibilities for redevelopment of Rome beyond the GRA beginning with the creation of connection spaces between large urban settlements (different from each other for conformation and density) and the existing metropolitan railway stations, where the integration between PTL and new collective features could stimulate new images of urban landscapes.