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Intermodal and logistics Centre Roma-Fiumicino. Archaeological fruition and enhancement project of the green areas system

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The new logistic center Rome-Fiumicino, since the beginning of the project, achieves the prevision for a large interchange hub in the outskirts of Rome. The total construction area of the Rome-Fiumicino intermodal and logistics centre is 160 hectares, the one destined to the halls is 30 hectares, of which 90% for logistics and 10% to hauliers. There will also be a range of services to the platform comprehending: two surveillance lodges, a business center, canteens, mechanics workshops and service stations.

The green areas project In addition to functional performances the new logistic center of Rome is expected to perform certain environmental performances. Its perimeter corresponds within the State Natural Reserve of the Roman Coast, coinciding with a significant piece of the environmental patchwork that connects hillside ecosystems with the coastal ones. The desire to bring together a "tough" infrastructure project with a natural reserve suggested some choices that characterized the project since its early configurations. First, the prediction of vast green internal areas (compared to similar realizations and to the standards): the Green surface area is about 48 hectares, more than 20% of these is destined to public green. The project encompasses within it - enhancing the ecological functioning - the buffer zones of the linking channel of Ponte Galeria, the perimeter channels and the open spaces of the two reclamation farmsteads. Since the preliminary draft was expected a transversal strip to end with an east-west connection disconnecting the built environment with an ecological local connection. All green areas are in fact called upon to play a particular ecological role (protection, filter, ecological connection) and in particular to ensure the continuity of exchanges, the permeability of the soil, the presence and movements of animal species.

In addition to functional and environmental performance the new Intermodal and logistics centre had also to assume a cultural value, in relation to the archaeological findings that have deeply marked the implementation process and influenced the final design. Following the first archaeological excavations has been brought to light a number of elements of territorial relevance: an amphorae dam, about 800 meters long. Canals from the Roman era, silos, fireplaces and ovens from the Final Bronze Age (1300-900 BC), which testify the urbanization and its use for production even in earlier than Roman times. The findings show a surprising and dynamic relationship between water, land and land uses that characterized the historical development and the environment of the coastal territory. In this case the choice has been to seek coexistence between two points of view far from each other and generally conflicting, exploring through the project limits and possibilities of a "forced" relationship, a proximity deemed difficult but not impossible.

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